Agile Glossary (G-L)


Gemba – a term for the workspace of an organisation. The workspace is an important concept in Lean process improvement because it is the location where customer value is created.


Hoshin Kanri – a term for a top down planning process that ties strategic direction to the vital few tactical initiatives for executing the desired strategy. Also known as Strategy or Policy Deployment.

How Domain – of Team as opposed to:”what” of product owner; a tactic used by Team to carry out Activities (i. e., how to win the good fight).


Impediment – anything that prevents the Team from meeting their potential (e.g. chairs are uncomfortable). If organisational, it is the Scrum Master’s responsibility to eliminate it. If it is internal to the Team, then they themselves should do away with it.

Impediment Backlog – a visible list of impediments in a priority order according to how seriously they are blocking the Team from productivity.

Information Radiator – a way to visibly track current progress of Agile project without interrupting other members for status.  See Kanban.

Inventory – material or information resources waiting to be consumed in the production of customer value.

Iron Triangle – when applied to project management indicates a situation where all three-project constraints of cost, scope, and time are fixed at the start of the project.

Iteration – a short (2-4 week) development cycle focused on delivering an increment of useful business functionality.


Just In Time – a system for producing and delivering the right items to the right place at the right time. The intent of a Just in\ Time process is to reduce inventory by introducing systems and processes that create ‘flow’ and minimises buffering. User Stories are often applied to support Just In Time processes on IT delivery Teams. The details of the requirement are defined at the latest appropriate moment reducing the level of inventory (requirements defined up-front) within the system.


Kaizen – a term for incremental improvement. Kaizen is a people and process oriented way of thinking as opposed to problem and solution oriented thinking.  See Kaizen workshop.

Kaizen Workshop – a term for workshops to identify and implement improvements to a Value Stream.  Lean Kaizens are typically a week in duration.

Kanban – a term for a visual indicator that indicates when to execute an Activity in a Value Stream.  A version of Kanban Boards may also be used as Information Radiators to provide visibility to an Agile Sprint Backlog and Work-in-process.

Kanban Signal Card – a device with clear, simple, visual controls.


Lead Time – the time from when a customer request is made for a product or service until the request is fulfilled.

Lean – a set of techniques for delivering more value with the same or less resources by eliminating waste across organisations and business processes.

Lean Office – an office environment embodying Lean Techniques.

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